Learning 2D Shapes in Kindergarten


I love exploring math through a wide variety of activities. Here is a sampling of many activities I have done throughout the years and a collection of other ideas from teachers I work with. Feel free to add any additional activities in the comments below!

Play Dough Stamping
Explore 2D shapes by comparing sizes of shapes, cutting them out with utensils and even try to see if the students extend this activity into patterning!

Play Dough Moulds
Have 2D shapes provided for students to see if they can copy them with play dough or to see if they can make a mould of it!

Building Challenge
Can you make a picture representation using a variety of different shapes?

Recycled Robots


Use recycled objects to build a robot. Host an art gallery when parents come to the classroom to show of their work. Share with learning buddies!

This is a What Game
In a circle, the shape is passed one child at a time. The teacher passes the shape to child one and says,
Teacher: "*Name,* this is a square!"
Student one: "A what?"
Teacher: "A square!"
Student one: "Oh! A square!"

Student one: "*Name,* this is a square!"
Student two to student one: "A what?"
Student one to the teacher: "A what?"
Teacher: "A square!"
Student one: "A square!"
Student two: "Oh, a square!"

Continue around the circle until everyone participates in the round. The teacher can vary their voice each time and students copy. It can be a lot of fun!

4 Corners - 2D Shapes Edition
Post images of 2D figures around the room. One student has their head down and the other students have 10 seconds to stand at a 2D shape. The student keeps their head down and calls out a 2D shape. All the students under the shape are out of the game and sit on the carpet. Then we have 10 seconds to rotate to a new shape. The game is over when either one student is left or a small number. I use the following activity to play:

Touch & Feel in a Mystery Bag
One student picks a shape from a bag. Using their senses, they can either describe the shape with what they know about it or the other students can ask them questions to try to guess what figure it is!

What Do I Have? 
In this whole group game, you need enough figures so each child and yourself has one and place them in the centre of the carpet. The teacher goes and takes one first and then the students do. The teachers is the "super shape" and students answer questions you pose for them. For instance, you may ask them, "How is your figure the same/different than mine?" Show your figure. Take turns, one student at a time, sharing how they are similar to your figure. (e.g., how many edges, points, is it curved, etc.)

Building Straws
What 2D shape can you make using building straws? Can you put multiple together to make something new?

Musical Shapes
Put a 2D shape into a bag. Play music and pass the bag around. When the music stops, students name the shape or some attributes of the shape.

Shared Reading
I love using poems to reinforce knowledge of concepts. It makes learning fun! This is the link to the poem I use:

Magpie Poem
We have a bird puppet who hides 2D shapes under a blanket.  We sing the following poem as the bird goes under the blanket to hide 2D shapes on the children.

 "A magpie came down my chimney one day. I wonder what he has taken away?"

After the poem is sung, the children have a chance to guess which object is missing! Add multiple shapes of different colours or sizes to change up the difficulty! We often have students who can easily figure out which shape is missing from a selection of 15 objects presented to them!

Environmental Shape Hunt
Look around the school with your classroom iPad and take pictures of objects around your school made up with different shapes. You can compare manmade vs nature outside. Print these images afterward and have a sorting activity with the images! You could even create a book with the images the students found.

2D Figure Puzzles
My students absolutely love puzzles. I have a variety of different puzzles of 2D shapes with images of everyday objects. Students match the shapes of the objects and then create the puzzles. These can be out as a provocation or provided as an art activity for them to glue and take home. Click on the images below to view:

Hide & Seek
Play a simple game where one shape is missing and hiding in the classroom. Can the children find it?

Name Change
Give students a sticker with a picture of a shape to wear for the day. That is their new name for the day!

Guess My Shape
Pair students together. One student has a label of a shape on their back and they can ask yes or no questions about the shape in order to guess what shape it is!

Mystery Item
Students can bring in a mystery item from home and the other students need to guess what the item is based upon simple questions about the shapes. For example, does it roll? Does it slide? Does it have six faces?

Straws & Pipe Cleaners
Add these to a provocation to see which shape the children can make on their own.

Plasticine & Straws
Create 2D shapes with plasticine. Add toothpicks as a provocation to see what shapes they can create by drawing int he plasticine.

Picture Provocations
Print out a variety of different photographs of various objects and buildings. Ask students what they see. Do you see 2D shapes or 3D figures? Which ones do you see?

Making Predictions
If you have access to an overhead projector, place a 2D shape based on the shadow. Use multiple shapes to make another shape or an image and have students guess which shapes are used.

Show & Share
After learning the shapes for a long time, host a special 2D shape day for each of the shapes you have learned! Students can bring something from home for each "special" day. For instance, on the "circle day" students may bring in a can lid, craft face or a sign! Then sort and compare objects that are brought in.

Can you build it? A Barrier Game
Provide a station for two students with a divider in the middle. Each child needs the same shapes. One student creates a picture/structure with their figure and then they instruct the second child how to build it. See if they can use the correct names or have them describe the shapes without showing the figures and only using verbal directions!

Snow Fun!
Use old recyclables or random objects to build and create in the snow (e.g., yogurt containers, applesauce containers, funnels etc.).

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